A Crowdsourced Database of Women and Non-Binary Persons Doing Ancient History

Name Helen Roche
Position Assistant Professor
Institutional Affiliation Durham University
Research Interests

Germany, Austria, Italy, National Socialism, fascism, Nazi Germany, Third Reich, elite schools, oral history, education history, classical reception, philhellenism, Napola, Prussia, Germany, Austria, Italy, Sparta, German history from the nineteenth century onwards; National Socialism; Fascism, Austrian history during the inter-war period; comparative fascism studies, History of childhood and history of education, especially German elite education, Youth exchange during the twentieth century; Anglo-German relations, History and memory in post-war Germany, Classical reception in general, and German philhellenism in particular, Greco-German relations from the eighteenth century to the present, Humanistic education in Nazi Germany, Historical and historiographical work on elements of ancient Greek history.

Publications

Key Publications

Books

Sparta's German Children. The ideal of ancient Sparta in the Royal Prussian Cadet Corps, 1818-1920, and in National Socialist elite schools (the Napolas), 1933-1945, Swansea, 2013.
The Third Reich's Elite Schools: A History of the Napolas, forthcoming with Oxford University Press.
Brill's Companion to the Classics, Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany, ed. Helen Roche, Kyriakos Demetriou, Leiden 2017.
German Philhellenism - Guest-edited Special Issue of Publications of the English Goethe Society (Vol. 82.3), October 2013.

Articles

'The Peculiarities of German Philhellenism', The Historical Journal 61 (2), 2018, pp. 541-60.
'Blüte und Zerfall: "Schematic Narrative Templates" of decline and fall in völkisch and National Socialist racial ideology', in The Persistence of Race: Continuity and Change in Germany from the Wilhelmine Empire to National Socialism, ed. Lara Day, Oliver Haag, Oxford 2017, pp. 65-86.
'Distant Models? Italian Fascism, National Socialism and the Lure of the Classics', in Brill's Companion to the Classics, Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany, ed. Helen Roche, Kyriakos Demetriou, Leiden 2017, pp. 3-29.
'Classics and Education in the Third Reich: Die Alten Sprachen and the Nazification of Latin- and Greek-teaching in secondary schools', in Brill's Companion to the Classics, Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany, ed. Helen Roche, Kyriakos Demetriou, Leiden 2017, pp. 238-63.
'Sport, Leibeserziehung und vormilitärische Ausbildung in den Nationalpolitischen Erziehungsanstalten: Eine “radikale” Revolution der körperlichen Bildung im Rahmen der NS-“Gesamterziehung”?', Beiträge zur Geschichte des Nationalsozialismus 32, 2016 (Special Issue on Sport und Nationalsozialismus, ed. Frank Becker, Ralf Schäfer), pp. 173-96.
'Herrschaft durch Schulung: The Nationalpolitische Erziehungsanstalten im Osten and the Third Reich's Germanising mission', in Nationalsozialismus und Regionalbewusstsein im östlichen Europa, ed. Burkhard Olschowsky, Ingo Loose, Berlin 2016, pp. 127-51.
'Xenophon and the Nazis: A case study in the politicisation of ancient Greek thought through educational propaganda', Classical Receptions Journal 8 (1), 2016 (Special Issue on The Legacy of Greek Political Thought, ed. Barbara Goff, Miriam Leonard), pp. 71-89.
'Wanderer, kommst du nach Sparta oder nach Stalingrad? Ancient ideals of self-sacrifice and German military propaganda', in Making Sacrifices: Visions of Sacrifice in Contemporary Culture, ed. Nicholas Brooks, Gregor Thuswaldner, Vienna 2016, pp. 66-86.
'Surviving Stunde Null: Narrating the fate of Nazi elite-school pupils during the collapse of the Third Reich', German History 33 (4), 2015, pp. 570-87 (awarded German History journal's "Best Article of 2015 Prize").
'Kadettengeschichten: Exploring the Prussian cadet-school story', in Books for Boys: Literacy, Nation and the First World War, ed. Simon J. James, Durham 2014, pp. 20-25.
'Zwischen Freundschaft und Feindschaft: Exploring relationships between pupils at the Napolas (Nationalpolitische Erziehungsanstalten) and British public schoolboys', Angermion: Yearbook for Anglo-German Literary Criticism, Intellectual History and Cultural Transfers / Jahrbuch für britisch-deutsche Kulturbeziehungen 6, 2013, pp. 101-26.
'"Wanderer, kommst du nach Pforta…": The tension between Classical tradition and the demands of a Nazi elite-school education at Schulpforta and Ilfeld, 1934–1945', European Review of History / revue européenne d'histoire 29 (4), 2013, pp. 581-609.
'"Anti-Enlightenment": National Socialist educators' troubled relationship with humanism and the philhellenist tradition', Publications of the English Goethe Society 82 (3), 2013, pp. 193-207.
'"In Sparta fühlte ich mich wie in einer deutschen Stadt" (Goebbels): The leaders of the Third Reich and the Spartan nationalist paradigm', in English and German Nationalist and Antisemitic Discourse (1871-1945), ed. Felicity Rash, Geraldine Horan, Daniel Wildmann, Oxford 2013, pp. 91-115.
'Spartan Supremacy: A "Possession for Ever"? Early fourth-century expectations of enduring ascendancy', in Hindsight in Greek and Roman History, ed. Anton Powell, Swansea 2013, pp. 91-112.
"Go, tell the Prussians…": The Spartan paradigm in Prussian military thought during the long nineteenth century', New Voices in Classical Reception Studies 7, 2012, pp. 25-39.
'"Spartanische Pädagogik deutscher Art": The influence of Sparta on the Royal Prussian Cadet Schools (1818-1920)' in Das antike Sparta, ed. Anton Powell, Vassiliki Pothou, Stuttgart 2017, pp. 157-80.
'"Spartanische Pimpfe": The importance of Sparta in the educational ideology of the Adolf Hitler Schools', in Sparta in Modern Thought: Politics, History and Culture, ed. Stephen Hodkinson, Ian Macgregor Morris, Swansea 2012, pp. 315-42.
Forthcoming:

'Erziehung und Entbürgerlichung, oder: Wie bürgerlich war die NS-Elitebildung eigentlich?', in Wie bürgerlich war der Nationalsozialismus?, ed. Norbert Frei, Göttingen.
'"Der Versuch einer Antwort, warum ich von Auschwitz nichts wußte": The evolution of Napola-pupils' responses to the Holocaust', in Früher/später: Zeugnisse in der Zeit, ed. A.S. Sarhangi, Alina Bothe, Berlin.
'Die Klosterschule Ilfeld als Nationalpolitische Erziehungsanstalt', in Die Klosterkammer Hannover im Nationalsozialismus, ed. Detlef Schmiechen-Ackermann, Göttingen.
Other Publications
Reviewer for (among others) The English Historical Review, German History, German Quarterly, Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies, Modern Language Review, Reviews in History, and The Classical Review, and contributor to History Today.

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